Chapter 9

Substance Use Disorders

Set J

Self-Help Groups

Group therapy which brings together people who share a common problem in an attempt to share information and help and support one another.

Social Impairment

When persistent substance use results in failure to fulfil major role obligations at work, school, or home.


Self-administration of often illicit drugs by an individual to alleviate perceived or real problems, usually of a psychological nature.

Substance Abuse

A pattern of drug or substance use that occurs despite knowledge of the negative effects of the drug, but where use has not progressed to full-blown dependency.

Substance Dependence

A cluster of cognitive, behavioural and physiological symptoms indicating that the individual continues use of the substance despite significant substance-related problems.


Central nervous system depressants which slow the activity of the body, reduce its responsiveness, and reduce pain tension and anxiety. Includes alcohol, the opiates and their derivatives, and synthesized tranquillizers such as barbiturates.

Social Behaviour & Network Therapy (SBNT)

A treatment aimed at mobilising and developing a positive social network for the client that will facilitate a change in drinking behaviour.


Substances that increase central nervous system activity and increase blood pressure and heart rate.