Chapter 9

Substance Use Disorders

Set H

Nicotine Replacement Therapy

Aims to replace the nicotine from cigarettes by means of skin patches, chewing gum, lozenges, inhalators or nasal sprays.


Opium, taken from the sap of the opium poppy. Its derivatives include morphine, heroin, codeine and methadone.

Nucleus Accumbens (NAc)

Part of the limbic forebrain and dopamine system.

Peer Leadership

A strategy used by drug prevention schemes where young people are trained to provide anti-drugs messages to their peers.

Peer-Resistance Training

A strategy used by drug prevention schemes where students learn assertive refusal skills when confronted with drugs.


The addictive agent found in tobacco; it acts as a stimulant by increasing blood pressure and heart rate.

Opioid Use Disorder

The development of tolerance to opiates, in which the user has to use larger and larger doses to experience equivalent physical and psychological effects. Also associated with severe withdrawal effects.

Passive Smoking

The breathing in of air that contains other people’s smoke.