Chapter 9

Substance Use Disorders

Set E

Drug-Prevention Schemes

Community-based services whose purpose is to try to prevent first use of a drug or to prevent experimentation with a drug developing into regular use - usually through information about the effects of drugs and through developing communication and peer-education skills.

Ecstasy

An illegal amphetamine-based synthetic drug with euphoric effects. Also known as MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine).

Drug Replacement Treatment

Involves treating severe cases of substance abuse and dependency by substituting a drug that has lesser damaging effects.

Experimentation

A period when an individual may try out different drugs. In some cases this period of experimentation may lead to regular drug use.

Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

Physiological risk associated with heavy drinking in women, in which heavy drinking by a mother during pregnancy can cause physical and psychological abnormalities in the child.

Drug Maintenance Therapy

A drug treatment programme in which severe cases of substance abuse and dependency are treated by substituting a drug that has lesser damaging effects.

Endorphins

The body’s natural opioids. The release of these neurotransmitters acts to relieve pain, reduce stress and create pleasurable sensations.

Ethyl Alcohol

The main constituent of alcohol.