Chapter 9

Substance Use Disorders

Set B

Antabuse (Disulifiram)

A drug used in the detoxification of individuals with alcohol dependency.

Barbiturates

A class of sedative drugs related to a synthetic compound (barbituric acid) derived from uric acid.

Aversion Therapy

A treatment based on classical conditioning which attempts to condition an aversion to a stimulus or event to which the individual is inappropriately attracted.

Biphasic Effect of Drug

Where the initial effects of a drug may act as a stimulant (e.g. alcohol making the drinker reactive and happy), but the later effects act as a depressant (making the drinker sluggish and experience negative emotions).

Buprenorphine

An opioid drug used in the treatment of opioid addiction.

Amphetamine Intoxication

Amphetamine use which normally begins with a “high” but is equally likely to be followed by stereotyped, repetitive behaviour, anger, physically aggressive behaviour, and impaired judgment.

Bath Salts

The name for an emerging group of drugs containing synthetic chemicals related to cathinone - which is an amphetamine-like stimulant found in the Khat plant.

Binge Drinking

A high intake of alcohol in a single drinking occasion.