Chapter 9

Substance Use Disorders

Set A


When a person’s ‘normal’ body state is the drugged state (so that the body requires the substance to feel normal).

Alcohol Myopia

The situation where an alcohol-intoxicated individual has less cognitive capacity available to process all ongoing information, and so alcohol acts to narrow attention and means that the drinker processes fewer cues less well.


A colourless volatile liquid compound which is the intoxicating ingredient in drinks such as wine, beer and spirits.

Amotivational Syndrome

A syndrome in which those who take up regular cannabis use are more likely to be those who exhibit apathy, loss of ambition and difficulty concentrating.


A group of synthetic drugs used primarily as a central nervous system stimulant. Common forms are amphetamine itself Benzedrine), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) and methamphetamine (Methedrine).

Abstinence Violation

Dysfunctional beliefs about relapse following treatment for substance dependency that facilitate further regular substance use.

Alcohol Use Disorder

A problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress.

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)

A support group for alcoholics who are trying to abstain.