Chapter 8

Experiencing Psychosis: Schizophrenia Spectrum

Set G

Residual Stage

The stage of psychosis when the individual ceases to show prominent signs of positive symptoms (such as delusions, hallucinations or disordered speech).

Schizophrenia

The main diagnostic category for psychotic symptoms. The five central characteristics are delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behaviour and flattened affect, poverty of speech and apathy.

Schizoaffective Disorder

Characterized by schizophrenia symptoms plus a period reflecting either depression or mania.

Second-Generation Antipsychotic Drugs

Drugs developed in the 1980s, thought to be an improvement on traditional antipsychotics. However, we now know that they can cause significant side effects.

Self-Monitoring Deficit

Where individuals cannot distinguish between thoughts and ideas they generated themselves and thoughts or ideas that other people generated.

Reattribution Therapy

A treatment used in helping individuals with paranoid symptoms to reattribute their paranoid delusions to normal daily events rather than the threatening, confrontational causes they believe underlie them.

Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders

The name for separate psychotic disorders that range across a spectrum depending on severity, duration and complexity of symptoms.

Schizophreno-genic Mother

A cold, rejecting, distant and dominating mother who causes schizophrenia according to Fromm-Reichmann.