Chapter 8

Experiencing Psychosis: Schizophrenia Spectrum

Set F

Poverty of Content

A characteristic of the conversation of individuals suffering psychosis in which their conversation has very little substantive content.

Prefrontal Lobotomy

A surgical procedure that involves severing the pathways between the frontal lobes and lower brain areas.

Prefrontal Cortex

An area of the brain which is important in maintaining representations of goals and the means to achieve them.

Psychosurgery

Brain surgery used to treat symptoms of psychopathology.

Reality-Monitoring Deficit

Where an individual has a problem distinguishing between what actually occurred and what did not occur.

Positive Symptoms

Characteristics of psychotic symptoms which tend to reflect an excess or distortion of normal functions.

Primary Narcissism

Regression to a previous ego state which gives rise to a preoccupation with the self.

Prodromal Stage

The slow deterioration from normal functioning to the delusional and dysfunctional thinking characteristic of many forms of schizophrenia, normally taking place over an average of 5 years.