Chapter 7

Depression and Mood Disorders

Set F

Prefrontal Cortex

An area of the brain which is important in maintaining representations of goals and the means to achieve them.


An influential psychological model of psychopathology based on the theoretical works of Sigmund Freud.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

A condition in which some women experience severe depression symptoms between 5 to 11 days prior to the start of the menstrual cycle. Symptoms then improve significantly within a few days after the onset of menses.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

A condition of regularly occurring depressions in winter with a remission the following spring or summer.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

A recent group of antidepressant drugs that selectively affect the uptake of only one neurotransmitter - usually serotonin.

Pessimistic Thinking

A form of dysfunctional thinking where sufferers believe nothing can improve their lot.

Reattribution Training

A technique used in the treatment of depression which attempts to get clients to interpret their difficulties in more hopeful and constructive ways rather than in the negative, global, stable ways typical of depressed individuals.


The tendency to repetitively dwell on the experience of depression or its possible causes.