Chapter 7

Depression and Mood Disorders

Set C

Electro-convulsive Therapy (ECT)

A method of treatment for depression or psychosis, first devised in the 1930s, which involves passing an electric current of around 70-130 volts through the head of the patient for around half a second.

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) which reduces the uptake of serotonin in the brain and is taken to treat depression.

Experimental Psycho-pathology

Experimental field of psychological science aimed at understanding the processes underlying abnormal behaviour.

Hopelessness Theory

A theory of depression in which individuals exhibit an expectation that positive outcomes will not occur, negative outcomes will occur, and that the individual has no responses available that will change this state of affairs.


Mild episodes of mania.

Dysthymic Disorder

A form of depression in which the sufferer has experienced at least 2 years of depressed mood for more days than not.

Free Association

A technique used in psychoanalysis where the client is encouraged to verbalize all thoughts, feelings and images that come to mind.


A part of the brain which is important in adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion and is also critical in learning about the context of affective reactions.