Chapter 7

Depression and Mood Disorders

Set A

Amygdala

The region of the brain responsible for coordinating and initiating responses to fear.

Battered Woman Syndrome

The view that a pattern of repeated partner abuse leads battered women to believe that they are powerless to change their situation.

Anterior Cingulate Cortex (ACA)

The frontal part of the cingulate cortex resembling a ‘collar’ form around the corpus callosum, used for the relay of neural signals between the right and left hemispheres of the brain.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)

A disorder characterized by depression and mood fluctuations together with physical symptoms such as extreme fatigue, muscle pain, chest pain, headaches and noise and light sensitivity.

Cognitive Restructuring

Methods used to challenge the biases that a client might hold about how frequently bad events might happen and to generate thoughts that are more accurate.

Affectionless Control

A type of parenting characterized by high levels of overprotection combined with a lack of warmth and care.

Behavioural Activation Therapy

A therapy for depression that attempts to increase clients’ access to pleasant events and rewards and decrease their experience of aversive events and consequences.

Bipolar Disorder

A psychological disorder characterized by periods of mania that alternate with periods of depression.