Chapter 6

Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders

Set D

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

A pervasive condition in which the sufferer experiences continual apprehension and anxiety about future events, and this leads to chronic and pathological worrying about those events.

Hyper-ventilation (PD)

A rapid form of breathing that results in ventilation exceeding metabolic demand and has an end result of raising blood pH level. A common feature of panic attacks.

Hoarding Disorder

Difficulty discarding or parting with possessions to the point where the individual’s living area is severely congested by clutter.

Information Processing Biases in Anxiety (GAD)

Biases in interpreting, attending to, storing or recalling information which may give rise to dysfunctional thinking and behaving.

Mental Contamination

Feelings of dirtiness can be provoked without any physical contact with a contaminant. Mental contamination can be caused by images, thoughts, and memories and may be associated with compulsive washing.

Eye Movement De-sensitisation & Reprocessing (EMDR) (PSTD)

A form of exposure therapy for PTSD in which clients are required to focus their attention on a traumatic image or memory will simultaneously visually following the therapist's finger moving backwards and forwards before their eyes.

Imaginal Flooding (SP, PTSD)

A technique whereby a client is asked to visualize fearedm trauma-related scenes for extended periods of time.

Inflated Responsibility (OCD)

The belief that one has the power to bring about or prevent subjectively crucial negative outcomes. These outcomes are perceived as essential to prevent. They may be actual, that is, having consequences in the real world, and/or at a moral level.