Chapter 6

Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders

Set C

Compulsions (OCD)

Repetitive or ritualized behaviour that an individual feels driven to perform in order to prevent some negative outcome happening.

Disgust (SP)

A food-rejection emotion whose purpose is to prevent the transmission of illness and disease through the oral consumption of contaminated items.

Disease-Avoidance Model (SP)

The view that animal phobias are caused by attempts to avoid disease or illness that might be transmitted by these animals.

Exposure & Ritual Treatments (OCD)

Treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) which involves graded exposure to the thoughts that trigger distress, followed by the development of behaviours designed to prevent the individual’s compulsive rituals.

Exposure Therapy (SP, SOC, PD, OCD, PTSD)

Treatment in which sufferers are helped by the therapist to confront and experience events and stimuli relevant to their trauma and their symptoms.

Comorbidity

The co-occurrence of two or more distinct disorders.

Dual Represen-tation Theory (PTSD)

An approach to explaining post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggesting that it may be a hybrid disorder involving two seperate memory systems.

Emotional Processing Theory (PTSD)

Theory that claims that severe traumatic experiences are of such major significance to an individual that they lead to the formation of representations and associations in memory that are quite different to those formed as a result of everyday experience.