Chapter 4

Treating Psychopathology

Set I

Transference

A technique used in psychoanalysis where the analyst is used as a target for emotional responses: clients behave towards the analyst as they would have behaved towards an important person in their lives.

Unconditional Positive Regard

Valuing clients for who they are without judging them.

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Antidepressant drugs developed in the 1960s which have their effect by increasing the amount of norepinephrine and serotonin available for synaptic transmission.

Waiting List Control

Participants in a RCT who will receive no treatment; often difficult to achieve because of the ethical issues involved in withholding treatment from clinically distressed individuals.

Token Economy

A reward system which involves participants receiving tokens for engaging in certain behaviours which at a later time can be exchanged for a variety of reinforcing or desired items.