Chapter 4

Treating Psychopathology

Set G

Psychodynamic Approaches

Forms of therapy which attempt to reveal unconscious conflicts that may be causing psychopathology.

Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs)

Comparison of the effectiveness of a treatment being assessed with a variety of control conditions, and with other forms of therapy and treatment (if necessary).

Psychological Wellbeing Practitioners (PWPs)

People trained under the IAPT initiative to deliver psychological therapies such as CBT.

Recovery Rates

The percentage of people that are no longer diagnosable once they have finished treatment.

Response Shaping

A reinforcement procedure that is used to develop new behaviours.


An influential psychological model of psychopathology based on the theoretical works of Sigmund Freud.

Rational Emotive Therapy


A cognitive technique developed by Albert Ellis (1962) which addresses how people construe themselves, their life and the world.

Reciprocal Inhibition

A principle in which an emotional response is eliminated not just by extinguishing the relationship between the emotion-inducing cue and the threatening consequence, but also by attaching a response to the emotion-inducing cue which is incompatible with anxiety.