Chapter 4

Treating Psychopathology

Set F

Mental Health Counsellor

A counsellor who specializes in mental health problems.

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MCBT)

A direct extension of traditional CBT in which treatments emphasize achieving a mental state characterized by present-moment focus and non-judgmental awareness.


Statistically accepted ways of assessing the strength of a particular finding across a number of different studies.

Palliative Effect

The reduction of the severity of symptoms and alleviation of distress.

Placebo Effect

The effect when participants in a clinical trial show improvement even though they are not being given a theoretically structured treatment.

Marriage Counsellor

A counsellor who specializes in marriage problems.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)

Antidepressants which are effective for some people with major depression who do not respond to other antidepressants.

No Treatment Control Condition

The allocation of participants to a control condition, in which they do not receive the treatment under investigation.