Chapter 4

Treating Psychopathology

Set C

Conditioning

The basis of behaviour therapies. Stressed the need to treat symptoms of psychopathology as behavioural problems occurring as a result of ‘faulty learning’, and that symptoms were acquired through classical and operant conditioning processes.

Counselling

A profession that aims both to promote personal growth and productivity and to alleviate any personal problems that may reflect underlying psychopathology.

Continuing Professional Development (CPD)

The demonstration by accredited therapists that they regularly update their knowledge of recent developments in treatment techniques.

Dream Analysis

The analysis of dream content as a means of accessing unconscious beliefs and conflicts.

Empathy

An ability to understand and experience a client’s own feelings and personal meanings, and a willingness to demonstrate unconditional positive regard for the client.

Computerised CBT (CCBT)

Developed as an alternative to therapist delivered CBT, CCBT consists of highly developed software packages that can be delivered via an interactive computer interface on a personal computer, over the Internet or via the telephone using interactive voice response (IVR) systems.

Counter-conditioning

A behaviour therapy technique designed to use conditioning techniques to establish a response that is antagonistic to the psychopathology.

Dodo Bird Verdict

A phrase taken from Lewis Carroll’s “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” implying that all psychotherapies are more effective than no treatment, but produce equivalent benefits.