Chapter 4

Treating Psychopathology

Set B

Behaviour Modification

Behavioural treatment methods based on classical conditioning principles, which assumed that learned psychopathology could be ‘unlearned’ using normal learning processes.

Benzodiazepines

A group of anxiolytics which have their effect by increasing the level of the neurotransmitter GABA at synapses in the brain.

Behavioural Self-Control

The personal use of operant conditioning principles to change or control one’s own behaviour.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

An intervention for changing both thoughts and behaviour. CBT represents an umbrella term for many different therapies that share the common aim of changing both cognitions and behaviour.

Cognitive Therapies

Therapeutic interventions which seek to help the patient overcome difficulties by identifying and changing dysfunctional thinking, behaviour, and emotional responses.

Behaviour Analysis

An approach to psychopathology based on the principles of operant conditioning (also known as behaviour modification).

Client-Centred Therapy

An approach to psychopathology stressing the goodness of human nature, assuming that if individuals are unrestricted by fears and conflicts, they will develop into well-adjusted, happy individuals.

Clinical Significance

The percentage of participants in a study who exhibited recovery or clinically significant change to the point where they no longer meet the criteria for a clinical diagnosis.