Chapter 2

Classification & Assessment in Clinical Psychology

Set F

Reliability

The extent that an assessment method will still provide the same result when used by different clinicians on different occasions.

Self-Monitoring

A form of clinical observation which involves asking clients to observe and record their own behaviour, to note when certain behaviours or thoughts occur, and in what contexts they occur.

Rorschach Inkblot Test

A projective personality test using inkblots by dropping ink onto a page and then folding the paper in half to create symmetrical image.

Standard-isation

The establishment of statistical norms for clinical tests, which allows the clinician to see where an individual client’s score on the test falls in relation to the normal distribution of scores for that test.

Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR (SCID)

A branching, structured interview in which the client's response to one question will determine the next question to be asked.

Psychometric Approach

The idea that a psychological test assumes that there are stable underlying characteristics or traits (e.g. anxiety, depression, compulsiveness, worry) that exist at different levels in everyone.

Self-Oservation

A form of clinical observation that involves asking clients to observe and record their own behaviour, perhaps by using a diary to note when certain behaviours or thoughts occur and in what contexts they occur.

Sentence Completion Test

An open-ended projective personality test that provides clients with the first part of an uncompleted sentence which they complete with words of their own.