Chapter 17

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Set A

Altered Auditory Feedback (AAF)

A form of treatment for stuttering in which delayed auditory feedback or a change in frequency of the voice is given to clients when they are speaking.

Anoxia

A perinatal cause of intellectual disability, being a significant period without oxygen that occurs during or immediately after delivery.

Amniocentesis

A procedure which involves extracting and analysing the pregnant mother’s amniotic fluid used prenatally in identifying Down syndrome in high-risk parents.

Autistic Disorder

Abnormally impaired development in social interaction and communication and a restricted repertoire of activities and interests.

Autistic Disorder Spectrum (ASD)

An umbrella term that refers to all disorders that display autistic-style symptoms across a wide range of severity and disability.

Accessibility Strategies

Programmes that extend the rights of individuals with intellectual disabilities to be educated according to their needs in mainstream schools.

Applied Behaviour Analysis

Applying the principles of learning theory (particularly operant conditioning) to the assessment and treatment of individuals suffering psychopathology.

Asperger's Syndrome

Severe and sustained impairment in social interaction, and the development of restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests and activities.