Chapter 16

Childhood and Adolescent Psychological Problems

Set B

Externalising Disorders

Disorders based on outward-directed behaviour problems such as aggressiveness, hyperactivity, non-compliance or impulsiveness.

Hostile Attributional Disorder

The tendency of individuals to interpret not only ambiguous cues as signalling hostility, but also many cues that are generated with benign intentions.

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

A pervasive condition in which the sufferer experiences continual apprehension and anxiety about future events, and this leads to chronic and pathological worrying about those events.

Internalising Disorders

Disorders represented by more inward-looking and withdrawn behaviours, and may represent the experience of depression, anxiety, and active attempts to socially withdraw.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

A disorder characterized either by obsessions or by compulsions.

Executive Functions

Cognitive skills that involve problem-solving, planning and engaging in goal-directed behaviour.


A higher than normal level of activity.


The act of reacting to a situation without considering the consequences.