Chapter 16

Childhood and Adolescent Psychological Problems

Set A

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is at a significantly higher rate than would be expected for a child at his or her developmental stage.

Bell-and-Battery Technique

A widely used classical conditioning method for treating nocturnal enuresis.

Behaviour Management Techniques

Treatment methods that can be used in a range of environments and can even be taught to parents as an aid to controlling and responding to their children in the home.

Conduct Disorder (CD)

A pattern of behaviour during childhood in which the child exhibits a range of behavioural problems, including fighting, lying, running away from home, vandalism and truancy.

Developmental Psychopathology

An area of research concerned with mapping how early childhood experiences may act as risk factors for later diagnosable psychological disorders. It also attempts to describe the pathways by which early experiences may generate adult psychological problems.

Adolescent-Onset Conduct Disorder

A sub-type of conduct disorder defined by the appearance of conduct disorder symptoms only after the age of 10 years.


The part of the brain at the back of the skull that coordinates muscular activity.

Childhood-Onset Conduct Disorder

A sub-type of conduct disorder defined by the onset of at least one criterion characteristic of conduct disorder prior to 10 years of age.