Chapter 15

Neurocognitive Disorders

Set G

Primary Brain Tumour

A brain tumour that originates and grows within the brain itself.

Rehabilitation Programmes

Treatment programmes that usually combine a mixture of group work, psychological interventions, social skills training and practical and vocational activities.

Prion Disease

A group of conditions that affect the nervous system in humans and animals.


A sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain.

Substantia Nigra

A region of the basal ganglia.

Prefrontal Cortex

An area of the brain which is important in maintaining representations of goals and the means to achieve them.

Self-Instructional Training (SIT)

A procedure used in the intervention for executive functioning deficits where individuals learn a set of instructions for talking themselves through particular problems.

Spongiform Encephalopathy

A fatal infectious disease that attacks the brain and central nervous system. Commonly known as ‘mad cow disease’ or variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).