Chapter 15

Neurocognitive Disorders

Set F

Minor Cognitive Motor Disease (MCMD)

A form of HIV dementia consisting of memory loss and the reduction of cognitive and computational functions.

Neurofibrillary Tangles

Abnormal collections of twisted nerve cell threads which result in errors in impulses between nerve cells and eventual cell death.

Mutant Huntington (mHtt)

A protein which causes cell death in the basal ganglia and contributes to Huntington’s disease.

Parkinson's Disease

A progressive neurological condition affecting movements such as walking, talking and writing, and causing psychological disturbance in between 40 and 60 per cent of sufferers.

Phineas P. Gage

A victim of a penetrating head injury, one of the first examples to indicate that brain damage could cause radical changes to personality and affect socially appropriate interaction.

Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)

A structured test that takes 10 minutes to administer and can provide reliable information on a client’s overall levels of cognitive and mental functioning.

Non-Fluent Aphasia

An inability to initiate speech or respond to speech with anything other than simple words.

Open Head Injury

A head injury in which the skull and outer layer of the meninges are breached.