Chapter 15

Neurocognitive Disorders

Set B

Aphasia

A speech disorder resulting in difficulties producing or comprehending speech.

Bacterial Meningitis

The inflammation (infection) of the meninges, which are the membranes that cover the brain and spine.

Attention Process Training (APT)

A form of rehabilitation training for attention deficits that uses a number of different strategies to promote and encourage attentional abilities.

Cardiovascular Accident (CVA)

Otherwise known as a stroke. Strokes result from either a blockage or breaking of the blood vessels in the brain.

Cerebral Embolism

A blood clot that forms somewhere in the body before travelling through the blood vessels and lodging in the brain, causing the brain cells to become damaged as a result of oxygen starvation.

Antiretroviral Drugs

Chemicals that inhibit the replication of retroviruses, such as HIV.

Beta Amyloid Plaques

Abnormal cell development, possibly caused by abnormal protein synthesis in the brain which clump together with the consequence of killing healthy neurons.

Broca's Aphasia

Disruption of the ability to speak consisting of difficulties with word ordering, finding the right word and articulation.