Chapter 12

Personality Disorders

Set D

Psychopath

A term often used to describe individuals diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.

Schemata Therapy

Central to this approach is the concept of early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) that are thought to develop during childhood and result in dysfunctional beliefs and behaviours during adulthood.

Schema-Focused Cognitive Therapy

In the treatment of personality disorders, a specially developed cognitive therapy which is used to address dysfunctional ways of thinking and maladaptive cognitive schema.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

A personality disorder characterized by ‘eccentric’ behaviour marked by odd patterns of thinking and communication.

Serotonin

An important brain neurotransmitter where low levels are associated with depression.

Personality Trait Domains

In the classification of personality disorders, there are 5 personality trait domains covering negative affectivity, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, and psychoticism.

Schizoid Personality Disorder

A personality disorder in which individuals are often described as ‘loners’ who fail to express a normal range of emotions and appear to get little reward from any activities.

Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder

The name for separate psychotic disorders that range across a spectrum depending on severity, duration and complexity of symptoms.