Chapter 12

Personality Disorders

Set C

Object-Relations Psychotherapy

A form of psychodynamic treatment which attempts to strengthen the individual’s weak ego so that they are able to address issues in their life without constantly flipping from one extreme view to another.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)

A personality disorder in which individuals show exceptionally perfectionist tendencies including a preoccupation with orderliness and control at the expense of flexibility, efficiency and productivity.

Object-Relations Theory

Argues that individuals with borderline personality disorder have received inadequate support and love from important others and this results in an insecure ego, which is likely to lead to lack of self-esteem and fear of rejection.

Personality Disorders

A group of disorders marked by persistent, inflexible, maladaptive patterns of thought and behaviour that develop in adolescence or early adulthood and significantly impair an individual’s ability to function.

Personality Disorder Types

Each of six personality disorder traits has its own diagnostic criteria based on ratings achieved on the first step (impairment) and on the second step (personality traits).

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

A personality disorder in which individuals overestimate their abilities, inflate their accomplishments, have a pervasive need for admiration and show a lack of empathy with the feelings of others.

Odd/ Eccentric Personality Disorders

Personality disorders grouped in Cluster A, the three sub-types of which are (1) paranoid personality disorder, (2) schizotypal personality disorder and (3) schizoid personality disorder.

Paranoid Personality Disorder

A personality disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others.