Chapter 12

Personality Disorders

Set A

Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD)

A personality disorder, the main features of which are an enduring disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others. It is characterized by impulsive behaviour and lack of remorse, and is closely linked with adult criminal behaviour.

Avoidant Personality Disorder

A personality disorder the features of which are avoidance of a wide range of social situations, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation and criticism.

Anxious/ Fearful Personality Disorders

The exhibition of persistent anxious and fearful behaviour which is not usually linked to a specific trigger experience or life event.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

An intervention for changing both thoughts and behaviour. CBT represents an umbrella term for many different therapies that share the common aim of changing both cognitions and behaviour.

Conduct Disorder (CD)

A pattern of behaviour during childhood in which the child exhibits a range of behavioural problems, including fighting, lying, running away from home, vandalism and truancy.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is at a significantly higher rate than would be expected for a child at his or her developmental stage.

Bipolar Disorder Spectrum

A proposed spectrum of disorder encompassing both bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder.

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

A personality disorder, the main features of which are instability in personal relationships, a lack of well-defined and stable self-image, regular and unpredictable changes in moods and impulsive behaviour.