Chapter 11

Gender & Sexual Problems

Set E

Preference Molesters

Non-incestuous paedophiles who normally only become sexually aroused by sexually immature children.

Remote Causes

Include feelings of shame and guilt about sexual activity, general feelings of inadequacy, feelings of conflict brought about by long-term life stress, etc.

Prolactin

A hormone from the pituitary gland stimulating milk production after childbirth.

Sexual Dysfunctions

Problems with the normal sexual response cycle (e.g. lack of sexual desire or pain during intercourse).

Sexual Masochism Disorder

When an individual gains sexual arousal and satisfaction from being humiliated, and this causes the individual significant distress.

Performance Anxiety

The fear of failing to achieve an acceptable level of sexual performance, causing an individual to become distanced from the sexual act and fail to become aroused.

Relapse-Prevention Training

In paraphilias, a treatment which consists primarily of helping clients to identify circumstances, situations, moods and types of thoughts that might trigger paraphilic behaviour.

Self-Instructional Training

A procedure used in the intervention for executive functioning deficits where individuals learn a set of instructions for talking themselves through particular problems.