Chapter 1

Introducing Psychopathology

Set H


An important brain neurotransmitter where low levels are associated with depression.

Sigmund Freud

An Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology.

Service User Groups

Groups of individuals who are end users of the mental health services provided by, for example, government agencies such as the NHS.

Stages of Development

Progressive periods of development from infancy to maturity.

Statistical Norm

The mean, average or modal example of a behaviour.


A state of psychological paralysis found in the Haitian community.

Social Stigma

Stigma characterized by prejudicial attitudes and discriminating behaviour directed towards individuals with mental health problems as a result of the psychiatric label they have been given.

Somatogenic Hypothesis

The hypothesis that the causes or explanations of psychological problems can be found in physical or biological impairments.