Chapter 1

Introducing Psychopathology

Set D

Ego

In psychoanalysis, a rational part of the psyche that attempts to control the impulses of the id.

Empathy

An ability to understand and experience a client’s own feelings and personal meanings, and a willingness to demonstrate unconditional positive regard for the client.

Ego Defence Mechanisms

Means by which the ego attempts to control unacceptable id impulses and reduce the anxiety that id impulses may arouse.

Genetic Linkage Analysis

A method of identifying individual genes which works by comparing the inheritance of characteristics for which gene location is known (e.g. eye colour) with the inheritance of psychopathology symptoms.

Genetics

The study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.

Dopamine

A compound that exists in the body as a neurotransmitter and as a precursor of other substances including adrenaline.

Frontal Lobe

One of four parts of the cerebrum that control voluntary movement, verbal expressions, problem solving, will power and planning.

General Paresis

A brain disease occurring as a late consequence of syphilis, characterized by dementia, progressive muscular weakness and paralysis.