Chapter 1

Introducing Psychopathology

Set C

Community Care

Care that is provided outside a hospital setting.

Corpus Callosum

A set of nerve fibres which connects the two mirror-image hemispheres of the brain.

Concordance Studies

Studies designed to investigate the probability with which family members or relatives will develop a psychological disorder depending on how closely they are related - or, more specifically, how much genetic material they have in common.


Many ancient civilizations, such as those in Egypt, China, Babylon and Greece believed that those exhibiting symptoms of psychopathology were possessed by bad spirits (known as demonology).

Diathesis-Stress Model

Model which suggests that a mental health problem develops because of an interaction between a genetic predisposition and our interactions with the environment (Shenk, 2010).

Cognitive Model

An influential psychological model of psychopathology.

Defence Mechanisms

In psychoanalysis, the means by which individuals attempt to control conflict between the id, ego and superego and also reduce stress and conflict from external events.

Demonic Possession

Historical explanations of psychopathology such as ‘demonic possession’ often alluded to the fact that the individual had been ‘possessed’ in some way.