Chapter 1

Introducing Psychopathology

Set B

Biological Models

Models which attempt to explain psychopathology in terms of processes such as genetics, and brain structure and function.

Cerebral Cortex

The outer, convoluted area of the brain.

Brain Neuro-transmitters

Chemicals that help neurones to communicate with each other and are essential components of the mechanisms that regulate efficient and effective brain functioning.

Clinical Psychology

The branch of psychology responsible for understanding and treating psychopathology.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

An intervention for changing both thoughts and behaviour. CBT represents an umbrella term for many different therapies that share the common aim of changing both cognitions and behaviour.

Behavioural Model

An influential psychological model of psychopathology based on explaining behaviour.

Classical Conditioning

The learning of an association between two stimuli, the first of which (the conditioned stimulus, CS) predicts the occurrence of the second (the unconditioned stimulus, UCS).

Client-Centred Therapy

An approach to psychopathology stressing the goodness of human nature, assuming that if individuals are unrestricted by fears and conflicts, they will develop into well-adjusted, happy individuals.